Obstetrics

Your Obstetric Visits

Download a printable copy here

  • Initial OB visit  –

At your first visit we will orient you to our practice, review your past medical history, and discuss any current concerns that you are having.  We will provide routine pregnancy counseling and education, and try to answer any questions that you might have. You will also have your Initial Prenatal labs (see below), and will have a full physical exam, with pap smear, if needed.  Lastly, we will perform a transvaginal ultrasound to confirm the dating of the pregnancy.

  • Follow-up OB visits –
    • Will be scheduled on rotation with all providers
    • Will include: assessment of blood pressure, weight, urinalysis, baby’s growth and fetal heart sounds
    • The schedule for these appointments is:
      • Up to 28 weeks – appointments every 4 weeks
      • 28-36 weeks – appointments every 2 weeks
      • 36 weeks until delivery – appointments every week
    • Routine testing will be performed throughout the pregnancy, as described below
    • If at any point you feel like you need to be seen between appointments please do not hesitate to call to speak with our staff so we can address your needs and concerns

Routine labs and testing:

  • At initial visit – Initial Prenatal Labs
    • Routine Labs: The routine prenatal lab panel consists of routine blood count, a test for rubella antibodies, the pap smear, genital cultures, a test for syphilis, hepatitis B, HIV, blood type and antibody screen.  Other testing if necessary might include a sickle cell screen. The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology and The American Academy of Pediatricians recommends routine HIV testing in pregnancy.
    • Cystic Fibrosis: In addition, there is an optional blood test for Cystic Fibrosis that each patient can choose to have, if desired.   Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disorder that can cause respiratory problems, digestive problems, and infertility. Severity of illness can vary.   Cystic fibrosis is an inherited chromosomal disorder and its inheritance is recessive. As a result, both parents must be carriers to have an affected child.  Carriers of cystic fibrosis are asymptomatic. If both parents are carriers of cystic fibrosis then there is a 25% chance of having an affected child. The incidence of carrier status varies based on ethnicity.  Approximately 1 in 25 people of European descent and 1 in 30 Caucasian Americans is a carrier of a cystic fibrosis mutation. Although less common, 1 in 46 Hispanics, 1 in 65 Africans, and 1 in 90 Asians will carry at least one abnormal CF gene.  There are many mutations in the cystic fibrosis gene. We are currently able to test for the 97 most common mutations. So, if you carry a gene mutation which isn’t included in this panel, carrier status may be missed. If you do test positive as a carrier of the gene, the next step is to test the baby’s father.  If the baby’s father tests negative, the chance of having an affected child is less than 1%.
    • Parvovirus: – Parvovirus B19 is a common virus that infects humans.  The most common illness caused by the virus is ‘Fifth Disease’, which usually effects children and causes a ‘slapped-cheek’ rash on the face and sometimes a rash on the limbs, which resolves in about 7-10 days.  After being exposed once, a person is immune to the virus and will not be affected again. About 50% of women are immune to the virus, so re-exposure in pregnancy will not be a concern. However, if a woman is exposed for the first time in pregnancy, there is a small risk of complications with the unborn baby, a risk of less than 5%.  There is a blood test available that can test to see if a patient is immune to Parvovirus, which can be helpful to know for those patients who are at an increased risk of exposure, like preschool employees, teachers, and healthcare workers There is no immunization available for this virus but if you are not immune you can be aware and avoid exposure to the virus during your pregnancy.
  • 10 weeks- Free Fetal DNA Testing
    • This optional genetic screening test evaluates cell-free fetal DNA circulating in the maternal bloodstream.  This is a new, noninvasive approach to prenatal screening for chromosomal, sex-linked disorders and other fetal chromosomal abnormalities.  The indications for doing this test are maternal age greater than 35, personal or family history of chromosomal abnormalities, and/or abnormal finding on ultrasound.  This test is still a screening test and does not replace having a CVS or Amniocentesis done, if indicated.
  • 11-13 weeks – First Trimester Screen with Nuchal Translucency (NT)
    • This is an optional genetic screen, which consists of a blood test and ultrasound.  The blood test measures the levels of three proteins in your blood. A trained sonographer will then measure the amount of fluid in the back of the baby’s neck, referred to as the nuchal translucency.  Combining the results of the blood work and the ultrasound measurement, along with information about you including your age and weight, can determine if your baby is at an increased risk of having Down’s syndrome or Trisomy 18. This screen detects Down’s syndrome in 82-87% of cases.   
  • 11-13 weeks – Chorionic Villus Sampling
    • Another optional genetic test, CVS is a procedure performed between 10 and 13 weeks by a perinatologist.  During the procedure, a biopsy of the developing placenta is removed either transcervically or transabdominally.  The cells are then analyzed to determine if the baby has a chromosomal abnormality, like Down’s syndrome or Trisomy 18.  CVS identifies about 99% or chromosomal abnormalities, but there are some risks associated with the procedure.
  • 15-21 weeks – Additional genetic screening tests, AFP and Quad Screen
    • The AFP and Quad Screen are blood tests that are offered between 15-21 weeks gestation.  They are optional genetic screening tests. For those patients who have had the First Trimester Screen with Nuchal Translucency to assess for chromosomal risk, only the AFP blood screen will be done at this time.  This screen assesses for an increased risk of neural tube defects.
    • The Quad Screen is offered to patients who have declined the first trimester genetic screen with nuchal translucency.  This is a blood test that screens for an increased risk for neural tube defects and chromosomal abnormalities, like Down’s syndrome and Trisomy 18.  The Quad Screen can predict approximately 75-80% of open neural tube defects. It can predict approximately 75% of Down’s syndrome cases in women under age 35, and 80% of cases in women age 35 and older.
    • Being that these are just screening tests, they can only tell us if you might be at a higher risk for one of these conditions.  Alone they cannot make a definite diagnosis. If you do have a positive genetic screening test, further testing may be considered.  Although a negative test greatly reduces the likelihood that your baby has one of these problems, they cannot eliminate the possibility of having a child affected by one of these conditions.  If you do have a positive result, you will be offered options for further confirmatory testing, including an ultrasound and amniocentesis, performed by a perinatologist.
  • 18-22 weeks – Complete OB Ultrasound
    • We offer an ultrasound to all patients between 18 and 22 weeks.  This gives an opportunity to take a detailed look at how the baby is developing, and to detect any abnormalities.  It is at this ultrasound that a patient can find out the gender of the baby, if the genitals can be clearly seen by the sonographer.
    • For patients who are 35 years or older, or patients with a family history of any developmental abnormalities, a Level 2 ultrasound will be scheduled at a maternal fetal medicine office in the area.  The Level 2 is simply a more detailed survey of the fetal anatomy.
  • 15-20 weeks – Amniocentesis
    • Amniocentesis is the gold standard in the diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities and neural tube defects.  It is performed between 15-20 weeks. During this procedure, a thin needle is inserted into the uterus through your abdomen.  A small amount of fluid is removed and analyzed. 99% of chromosomal abnormalities and 98% of spina bifida can be diagnosed with this test.  There is a slight risk of miscarriage, less than 1%, with an amniocentesis.
  • 24-28 weeks – Screen for diabetes in pregnancy and anemia
    • Glucose Challenge Test – The likelihood of developing diabetes increases during pregnancy.  This is because of the hormones produced by the placenta. The good thing is that diabetes in pregnancy is short lived and almost always resolves after the delivery.  The screening test for diabetes in pregnancy is called the one hour glucose challenge test. It is usually done between 24-28 weeks. You will be given a drink called glucola, which has 50 grams of sugar in it.  We check your blood sugar one hour later by blood draw. A passing value is 140. Being that this is a screening test, it does have false positives. The confirmatory test is the three hour glucose challenge test.  This is only done for people who have an abnormal one-hour value, and is performed at an outside lab facility.
    • When you are having your glucose challenge test, we will also draw labs to recheck your Hemoglobin and Hematocrit, which lets us know if your iron is low, meaning that you are anemic.
  • 35-36 weeks – Group Beta Strep
    • This is a test done between 35 and 36 weeks.  This culture is looking for bacteria called beta strep.  It is a normal bacteria that is sometimes found in our bodies.  Approximately 15-45% of people are carriers of beta strep. Carrier status can vary so even if you were negative with a previous pregnancy you could be positive for GBS in the current pregnancy.  Also, if we find the GBS bacteria in your urine at any time during pregnancy, we will treat you as a carrier. If you are a carrier, we will treat you with IV antibiotics during labor.
  • Additional testing and follow-up may be indicated and a provider will discuss this with you as needed throughout the pregnancy.

I have been going to TP4W since 2010/11 and could not be happier.

The staff, nurses, midwives, and doctors are all amazing. I have 2 sons, both delivered via cesarean by Dr. V. Every visit and every provider did everything in their power to give me the birth experience I wanted, and also ensure that myself and my babies were safe and healthy. Dr. V even did everything in his power to help me avoid my first c-section and VBAC with the second, but that turned out to be out of his hands and he was the absolute best surgeon. With my two pregnancies, I experienced a few scares and some unusual circumstances that would be too long and too private to write in a review, but every single hurdle was handled with grace, honesty, and professionalism. I am so thankful for the recommendation from a friend to come to this office. I can’t imagine ever going to another practice.

TP4W is amazing and I am so very thankful I found them 9 years ago!! Amazing partnership between midwives and doctors, sweet nurses and front end staff, and relaxing environment. I literally recommend them to all my friends! I look forward to my appointments and feel like I’m going to catch up with old friends.

I’ve always had wonderful experiences at TP4W. Everyone is friendly, knowledgeable, and thorough in their care. April delivered my son and I can’t say enough wonderful things about her. She is patient and compassionate. I had the best labor and delivery experience thanks to her. I do and will continue to recommend them to my friends and family!

TP4W is amazing and I am so very thankful I found them 9 years ago!! Amazing partnership between midwives and doctors, sweet nurses and front end staff, and relaxing environment. I literally recommend them to all my friends! I look forward to my appointments and feel like I’m going to catch up with old friends.

I have been seeing Dr. Grana for just about 4 years now and I must admit that she has been the very best OB I have ever had! She is so personable, friendly, and all around caring about her patients. I’ve never had any issues with the staff, the office is very clean, and if Dr. Grana is running behind, they let me know ahead of time. I highly recommend Dr. Grana and this office to anyone!

I was referred here by my family doctor. I had found out I was pregnant with my first child later last year and had the most difficult time scheduling an appointment at my last OB/GYN Doctor. I was on the verge of tears because I didn’t know what my next steps were and thank goodness I was referred to Triangle Physicians for Women. The service is amazing every appointment I’ve had and they are so organized and have made me feel so comfortable. I have to thank them for making this pregnancy so much smoother and less stressful than it would have been had I stayed with my previous doctor. I highly recommend this place!